Kelly Wiese. Barbara Matthiessen. Knitted Wire Jewelry. Samantha Lopez. Jean Campbell. Bead Quilled Jewelry. Kathy King. Judith Baker Montano. Decorative Wirework. Jane Davis. Exquisite Beaded Jewelry. Lynda Musante. The Beginner's Guide to Kumihimo. Dorothy Wood. Donna Wiggins. CHF 9. Blacksmith's Manual Illustrated. Kumihimo Wire Jewelry. Giovanna Imperia.
Janet Evans. CHF 1. On the Loom.
Early pre-Hispanic use of indigo blue in Peru
Maryanne Moodie. Bead Weaving on a Loom. Carol Porter. CHF 8.
The Beading Answer Book. Karen Morris. Modern Macrame. Emily Katz. Beth G. CHF 4. The Magic of Handweaving. Sigrid Piroch. Zoe L. Linda Chandler. Mastering Peyote Stitch. Melinda Barta. The Complete Photo Guide to Beading.
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- Convergence and Hybrid Information Technology: 5th International Conference, ICHIT 2011, Daejeon, Korea, September 22-24, 2011. Proceedings.
- Redistribution or Recognition?: A Political-Philosophical Exchange (pages 1-197).
Robin Atkins. Seed Bead Fusion.
History of Textiles Information Resources: Researching by Artist, Era & Culture
Rachel Nelson-Smith. Mastering Beadwork. Carol Huber Cypher. Bead Romantique. Lisa Kan. The Whole Craft of Spinning. Carol Kroll. How to Macrame. Beadwork Creates Bracelets. Bead Metamorphosis. A Beaded Romance.
Beautiful Bead Weaving. Carol C. The Spinner's Book of Fleece. Beth Smith. Modern Expressions. Fernando Dasilva. Lynn A.
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- Rowe, Ann Pollard [WorldCat Identities].
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Ecuador, a country the size of Oregon or Colorado, has ecological zones ranging from mangrove swamps and dense tropical rain forests to temperate valleys and snow-capped mountains. There are three main geographic divisions see Map 1 : the Pacific coastal lowlands; the Andes mountains, forming a north-south spine through the country; and the lowland Amazon basin rain forests to the east, usually referred to in Ecuador as the Oriente East. The coastal lowlands are broader and the Andean highlands narrower than in Peru, Ecuador's southern neighbor.
The coastal zone of Ecuador also forms a marked ecological contrast with that of Peru. The Peruvian coast is one of the driest deserts in the world, which is the chief factor in the preservation of so many archaeological textiles in that area. Off the coast of Ecuador, however, the cold Humboldt Current, which flows northward along the Peruvian coast, turns out to sea, and warm waters flow southward from Central America, causing a wetter climate.
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- Two Ravens and One Crow (The Iron Druid Chronicles, Book 4.5).
There is a rainy season from mid-December to mid-May, though with regional variations. On the peninsula between Guayaquil and Manta northwest of Portoviejo , rainfall is unreliable, and people subsist on fishing and raising cattle. To the north and east it is much wetter, supporting tropical-forest vegetation and tropical crops such as cotton, papaya, pineapples, and, by the s, sugarcane, coffee, bananas, and bamboo. The most heavily populated region is the Guayas basin, lying inland from the drier coastal area.
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The western slopes of the Andes, covered with tropical vegetation, rise precipitously. The Andes mountains form two parallel chains, referred to as the western and eastern cordilleras, with a fertile valley between them where most people live and which in Ecuador ranges from 2, to 2, meters 6,, feet in elevation. The mountain chains include a series of spectacular snow-covered active volcanoes, and the area is also prone to earthquakes.
The central valley is further divided, like a ladder, by other mountainous or desert areas into smaller basins, which also tend to coincide with indigenous ethnic divisions. There are ten basins of sufficient importance to be represented in our work. Rain is frequent in this area, ranging between 1 and 2 meters annually inches , though it is drier between June and October. Annual average temperatures range from twelve to eighteen degrees Celsius fifty-four - sixty-six degrees Fahrenheit on the valley floor.
The different basins vary in fertility and climate, but, in general, the weather is pleasant due to proximity to the equator, which is only 13 kilometers 8 miles north of Quito. In early pre-Hispanic times, the lower elevations of the central valley were forested, up to an elevation between 3, and 3, meters 9,, feet , but the land is now used for either agriculture or grazing.
There is a narrowing of the high valley near the southern border with Peru, causing a natural geographic break. The extent of the cultural distinctions is unclear archaeologically, but in modern times the type of loom changes at about the same latitude. Other features, such as spinning methods see Meisch, Miller, and Rowe , continue across the border, and trading has certainly occurred. The border with modern Colombia has a less-pronounced geographic break, and differentiation has depended primarily on politics. The border area was culturally unified in the pre-Inca and Spanish colonial periods, but the northern border of the Inca empire was in the same place as that between the modern republics.
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